If you’re looking for an entire government, check the government tag on the tags page.
If you’re looking for a society, club, order, organization, etc. that is so powerful that they have several connections and thus control most of the government and the population, read on:
I listed some resources for secret societies here, as a start.
There are a lot of options for naming societies like this. Some variations include:
- The X Society
- The Society for X
- The X Order
- The X Order of Y
- The Order of X
- The X Brotherhood
- The Brotherhood of X
- The X’s Guild (guilds are specific to medieval times and consist of people involved in the same business or trade)
- The X of Y
- The X
- The X Group
- The X Union
- The X League
- The X Lodge
There are a lot of variations that you can play around with. Make a list of a few different names for your organization and pick the one that works best.
Organizations like this are often extremely selective when it comes to letting people in. They have to keep their power and bringing in someone who might ruin something or who might be a spy could destroy the organization.
Come up with qualifications for who can join and then come up with an initiation. Most organizations have them, whether it’s a ceremony, a test, or some kind of right of passage. It’s also common for the children of members to join, since they have the most connections and can be among the most trusted.
How visible is this society in your world? Is it well known? If so, is it feared? Respected? If this society is a secret, is it completely unknown to the general public or are there rumors about it? Do people within the actual government all know? Or just a few people?
You need a reason for why this group is powerful. They might have money, or a magical artifact, or magic in general, or powerful members. Whatever it is, it needs to be present and they need to use this power in the story.
If they are in charge, but are not the primary government, they’ll need manipulation over the government and they’ll need a way to keep it that way. If they have money, they might be paying off government employees or they might make threats against people or they might blackmail them. It depends on how your society works. Their power can go beyond the government too. They might have connections to businesses and others who can help them get any needed materials.
Their power needs to be evident enough that others will not try to challenge them. It should be difficult to overthrow a society like this. If it’s not difficult, then this society is not all that powerful.
Once you have established this society’s connections and power, you need to think about what they can do to alter their world. Do they have great influence in the government? Or do they actually make all the decisions while using others, such as those within the government, as the “face” of their laws, changes, etc.?